Howard Efland holding his nephew Stephen, 1955 (Courtesy: Stephen Efland)

At 1:50 AM on March 9, 1969, at the age of 37, Howard Efland was pronounced dead at Central Receiving Hospital just outside of downtown Los Angeles. It marked the conclusion of what, by all accounts, had been approximately an hour of pain and horror for him that began less than two miles away, at an establishment called the Dover Hotel.

For years, the Dover Hotel (also known simply as “the Dover”) was a popular overnight destination for the City of Los Angeles’ growing LGBTQ population. It was operated and maintained by members of the United States Mission, an LA-based…

Dr. Evelyn Hooker, PhD (Source: UC Davis)

On December 15, 1973, the American Psychiatric Association’s Board of Trustees voted to remove homosexuality from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), its official guidebook for the classification and diagnosis of mental disorders. It was a decision that was the culmination of a multi-decade drive to challenge the conventional wisdom within the psychiatric field that homosexuality was a mental illness. The campaign was spearheaded by seasoned activists such as Frank Kameny, who over 30 years later would describe it as the moment gays and lesbians across the United States were “formally cured.” …

There are many figures who have become synonymous with the formative years of the LGBTQ rights movement in the United States: Frank Kameny, Marsha P. Johnson, Barbara Gittings, Sylvia Rivera, and others. While these figures’ philosophies, tactics, and roles all differed, no serious person disputes the impact each of these luminaries had on LGBTQ history in the United States.

As the titans of their era, their deaths are marked with obituaries, tributes, and candlelight vigils. Their visages adorn countless monuments, plagues, signs and banners. In a form of living monument to their accomplishments, many of their peers of their time…

Newly Discovered Letters Shed Light on Early Cyber Censorship of LGBTQ+ People

“A little bit of history” by James Cridland is licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0.

It is common parlance in today’s social media landscape to refer to any censorious action taken against a specific user or posting as “being Zucked,” a reference to Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg. This generally holds true even when the company taking such action is not Facebook itself. And while such tech firms have come under repeated criticism for censoring content produced by vulnerable populations of people, I unearthed evidence to suggest that such practices are in fact not a product of the current age, and indeed predate the establishment of the World Wide Web itself.

Throughout the 1980’s…

Tyler Albertario

Bringing hidden stories in LGBTQ+ history to light. email:

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